HTML Elements

An element in HTML usually consist of a start tag <tag name>, close tag </tag name> and content inserted between them. Technically, an element is a collection of start tag, attributes, end tag, content between them.

  1. Start Tag: The start tag marks the beginning of an HTML element and contains the element's name, written within angle brackets (< and >). It may also include attributes, which provide additional information or settings for the element.

  2. Attributes: Attributes are optional and are included within the start tag of an HTML element. They are written as key-value pairs and provide additional information about the element or specify its behavior. Attributes are used to modify the default behavior of an element.

  3. End Tag: The end tag marks the closure of an HTML element and contains the element's name preceded by a forward slash (/). Not all HTML elements require an end tag; some elements, like images or line breaks, are self-closing and do not have a separate end tag.

  4. Content: The content of an HTML element is the information or data that appears between the start and end tags. It can include text, other HTML elements, multimedia, or any other form of content specific to the element's purpose.

Here's an example of an HTML element with all its components:

<a href="https://www.example.com">Click here to visit Example website</a>

In this example, <a> is the start tag of the anchor (<a>) element. It has an attribute href that specifies the hyperlink destination. The content between the start and end tags is the link text, "Click here to visit Example website." The end tag, </a>, marks the closure of the anchor element.